Nowadays, accessing raw materials for the production of your very own skincare product has never been easier. As highlighted in one of our posts ‘Formulate Like A Pro’, these days, you just have to have the right tools and know the right percentage for each component you are using. Perhaps, the only challenge one might face regarding the formulation of such products would be picking out the right additives and active botanicals that can deliver the results that you want. If you are at a loss as to what these ingredients could be, then you are in luck, because in this article, we will dive deep into the ones that can help even out your skin.
In recent years, Vitamin C has successfully become the holy grail of skincare ingredients — and it’s easy to see why. Aside from being a potent antioxidant that can neutralize free radicals, board-certified dermatologist Patricia Wexler explained that this vitamin also has the capability to aid the skin’s natural regeneration process, which repairs damaged skin cells. Another great thing about vitamin C is that it is highly accessible. PrettyMe’s review of Frozen Collagen Supplements mentioned how this lauded ingredient can be found in a variety of fruits such as strawberries, raspberries and grapes. When combined with the right components, vitamin C can reduce hyperpigmentation, aid in the production of collagen, control acne and fight off sun damage. If you plan on adding vitamin C to your product, make sure to stick with dark bottles that will help ensure its stability. After all, vitamin C is highly reactive to air and light.
Abundant in foods like poultry, green peas, mushrooms and tuna, niacinamide is another compound that is essential for skin, hair and nail health. An article by Healthline noted how this nutrient can help restore uneven skin tone, reduce the appearance of wrinkles and brighten your complexion. In fact, some studies found that five percent of niacinamide concentration can be helpful in lightening dark spots in just four weeks. Self’s review of Elta MD PM Therapy emphasized that just like vitamin C, this form of vitamin B3 can also neutralize free radical damage. This then helps in the prevention of skin cancer and, at the same time, minimizes the impact of acne and moderate rosacea. Thanks to its ability to improve the moisture retention of the skin, products with niacinamide can also regulate the amount of oil the sebaceous gland produces. This, in turn, reduces the likelihood of acne breakout and prevents the gland from going on overdrive.
As a staple ingredient in many anti-aging products, retinol is best known for its ability to defend the skin from fine lines and maintain a healthy glow. According to New York City dermatologist Whitney Bowe, this vitamin A derivative brightens the skin by promoting skin renewal, boosting cell turnover, reducing acne and supporting collagen production. Although retinol is not an antioxidant like vitamin c and niacinamide, it is still capable of addressing free radical damage, which is often the cause of premature skin aging. Since retinol is a highly effective component, it can be very irritating if used too often. Vogue’s review of SkinMedica Age Defense Retinol Complex .25 advised that it would be better for those who have highly sensitive skin to be wary of this ingredient. Some of the potential side effects that retinol use could spell are intense flaking, redness, and burning.
There are two ways this alpha-hydroxy acid (or AHA) variant improves skin tone. First, it acts as an exfoliant that helps shed dead skin cells, thereby revealing a newer, brighter and more youthful layer. Second, it stimulates collagen production. Dermatologist Kenneth Howe explained that this process not only helps make the skin feel firmer but also minimizes fine lines and wrinkles. This then leaves the skin feeling smoother, more radiant and even-toned. Although, in general, glycolic acid is a very safe compound for most people, it should still be used with caution — especially if you have sensitive skin. In this case, Glamour’s review of Glow Recipe Blueberry Bounce Gentle Cleanser suggests using a glycolic cleanser instead of going straight to leave-on glycolic products like creams. This way you can limit your skin’s exposure to the ingredient and, at the same time, gauge if it’s something that your skin can tolerate. If this sugarcane derived component is something your skin can take, try to add glycolic acids in peel pads to get better results.
There are a lot of ingredients out there that can help brighten the skin, lighten dark spots, treat hyperpigmentation and, finally, even out skin tone. Most of the time, you just have to find the right one that works best with your skin.