Making your own skincare at home is like creating a meal from fresh ingredients. It is easy, but it does take a little more time and knowledge than buying products off the shelf. Learning to make skincare is a complete beginner guide to learn, to get creative and have fun!
I can’t emphasise more that just because it is natural, it doesn’t necessarily make it safe or just because it is man-made, it does not necessarily mean is harmful. Most ingredients used in skincare are processed in some way to make them usable. For instance, essential oils are steam distilled, and oils are cold pressed. Botanical ingredients have undergone some sort of processing to keep their natural source as close as possible. Never afraid to use a small amount of safe synthetics to make certain products more functional.
When making skincare products, you have to see what you can compromise and the expectations of the performances you like to achieve. The term “green” is very subjective, and for you to create in a broader variety of the types of products, it is totally fine to compromise 5-6% of the green-ness for a more refined product. This is really up to you. Feel free to experiment and come up with your own variations!
When working out how long a product will last, it depends on whether or not water has been added in any form (distilled water, hydrosols or floral waters). If it has, a preservative is needed not just to prolong the product but also to protect you from bacteria, fungus, and yeast.
Lotions, creams, and moisturizers are all emulsions and are made the same way with mostly the same ingredients.
Cream is generally thick and creamy, so it is best to apply this type of product at night so it can slowly seep into the skin to work its magic while sleeping
Lotion feels lighter over the skin and can be applied on the skin after showering or whenever you feel your skin needs a bit of moisturization. It will penetrate the skin quite quickly because it is so thin.
Gels can be used leave-on products on the face, and also as a tightening serum. It can work as a toner and work well if used after cleansing. It can also be used as shower gels, where the gel with the added surfactant acts as a solvent for dirt and grime.
The creams or lotions contain a water phase and an oil phase, and if it is in a jar/tub that gets opened every day and has fingers dipped into it, it creates the perfect environment for bacteria, yeast, and mould to flourish. So these products will need preservatives.
Lip balms are applied to prevent the lips from drying out. Lip skin does not sweat as there is no sweat gland, so it does not produce sebum. Without sweat and sebum, your lips dry out quicker than other parts of your skin.
Salves are solid combinations of oils and waxes such as beeswax. It is softer in consistency, while balms tend to be of thicker, harder in consistency. Because salves have softer in consistency, allow them to penetrate the skin more deeply.
Butters are creamy anhydrous moisturizers and is thicker than lotion, is extra effective at moisturizing dry skin. Body butter is richer than facial moisturizers because the body can take a lot more oil than the face
These products have no water added and are made from oils, butters, and waxes. Balm-type products do not grow mould and fungus, but they will eventually go rancid over a period of time. Adding 0.5-1% vitamin E plus the action of heating the oils and butters during the process of making your products, will be enough to lengthen the life of the body butter, salves, and balms to 1-2years, as long as you using oils that are within their expiry date.
Facial and body oils are blends of botanical oils, macerated oils, oil-soluble extracts, and essential oils. Certain oils can take a long time to penetrate the top layers of the skin, so it is worth knowing what carrier oils are suitable for what type of skin
Similar in nature to balms and butters, these products will not go mouldy but will oxidize over time and go rancid. As you are not heating, they do not last as long as balms. Adding 0.5-1% vitamin E should last the products at least a year or so.
Body scrubs come from various exfoliants, for instance, sugars and salts. Scrubbing helps to loosen dead skin cells and exfoliate your skin properly. Body scrub is an anhydrous product, but it still requires preservation because there is a good chance that wet fingers will be dipped into the product which will then offer a breeding ground for microorganisms.
Facial masques are not really ‘skincare,’ they are more of a treatment product, usually made with clays and muds. It is good at pulling out dirt and impurities and giving the skin a very deep clean. If you are applying the fresh masque and finishing the batch, then you will not need a preservative. Masques do not store very well because of the high clay and water content. Clay is notoriously difficult to preserve. It is very attractive to microorganisms (when wet), a blend of different synthetic preservatives is needed.
Once you determine what kinds of products and formulas you want to make, you can choose the appropriate ingredients for it. It is also important to keep yourself and your homemade skincare safe by observing some basic rules, for instance, a preservative or antioxidant, where necessary, is added to prolong the life and freshness of the products.
The basic skincare comprised mainly: Clean, Tone, and Moisturize.
This means your organic skincare routine should consist of:
Facial Cleanser – Cleansing removes dirt and impurities from the surface of the skin. Removing every trace of dirt, sweat, and makeup allows the skin to breathe, repair, and renew itself. Having a clean surface also helps your other skincare products to penetrate your skin more deeply and perform their tasks more efficiently.
Skin Toner – Toner helps to clean away anything your cleanser has left behind. Condition and tighten pores, so they do not collect dirt or impurities and do not produce too much oil.
Natural Moisturizer – Moisturizers improve skin’s appearance, replenish skin’s vital nutrients, and keep it feeling smooth, plumped, and soft.
You can make an effective, homemade organic skincare routine with 3 customizable DIY products: Cleanser, Toner, and Moisturizer.
Using natural facial cleanser without alcohol or harsh skin will reduce irritation and avoid stripping away too much of the natural oil from the skin causing dry skin. Making your own organic, natural face wash consists of all-natural ingredients like carrier oils, aloe vera gel, hydrosols, and essential oils, not just removing dirt, dead skin, and impurities but also helps to allow the skin to absorb therapeutic benefits from the all-natural ingredients.
For natural facial cleanser formula, it avoids to use liquid castile soap. Castile soap is de-greasing by nature with a high pH of 9-11.5, which is overly drying. Adding excess oil into the formula to avoid the skin being left feeling dry is acceptable, but it will not change the pH. So this natural ingredient should be avoided if making your own natural skincare cleanser.
Natural skin toner removes surface skin cells, excess oils, and exfoliate dead skin cells. A right toner should soothe, nourish, calm blemishes, and delivers active ingredients to freshly cleansed skin. It should be mild, hydrate, and lightweight, allowing your skin to breathe and heal itself during the night. Toners can be packed for your travel in your bag as an economical way of face mist to fresh and mist your face throughout the day. Aloe vera and hydrosols make the best toner ingredients can be used individually, blend them together, and even include a few essential oils.
If you are to add essential oil in your own skin toner, remember essential oils are oil-soluble, and aloe vera and hydrosols are water-based. The essential oils will not stay dispersed through the base of your skin toner, and you will need a solubilizer to blend the oil into the water base. Without a solubilizer, any essential oil added to hydrosol, in this instance, will have oil droplets floating on the top of the water, as oil and water do not mix well. This can cause sensitization and unwanted reactions if essential oil used is exceeded the dermal limit. Using solubilizer will create the overall finished product to have a clear and transparent appearance. It is also covered in my Essential Oils for Organic Skincare to learn how to apply a solubilizer so you can create your own toner with essential oils.
No organic skincare routine is complete without a natural moisturizer and is always good to include vegetable/plant oils. Vegetable oils are complex substances rich in various lipid compounds and suitable for making natural facial oil and serum. Adding oils in your regular skincare routine can improve the appearance of lines and wrinkles by keeping your skin moisturized and plumped for a youthful tone and texture. The versatility of facial oil and a facial serum depends on the type of oil and the composition of the oil. And essential oils naturally stay dispersed through carrier oils, so adding essential oils in your own natural facial oil is easy. You can easily whip up a natural facial oil with carrier oils and pair with essential oils to create a perfect blend for any skin type.
This e-book will teach you the process of making your own lotions creams and facial cream mask/scrubs by harnessing the power of nature.
The focus is to use vegetable oils, butters and essential oils to make emulsions. Once you master the technique of emulsification, you will not just know how to make lotions and cream but also facial cream-based masks and scrubs.
This e-book is for people who wants to learn to create their own natural skincare products.
The built-in calculations and formulas will do all the hard work for you. The worksheet records your formulas as percentages and convert that formula into any amount (by weight).